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A bit of historical trivia: The first-ever recorded auto-da-fé occurred in Paris in the year 1242, under the reign of King Louis IX - better known as Saint Louis. This is all found in Wikipedia: To his credit: Louis IX banned trials by ordeal, introduced the presumption of innocence in criminal procedure, and created provosts and bailiffs in order to enforce its application. To his detriment: Louis IX severely punished blasphemy (the punishment being mutilation of the tongue and lips), gambling, interest-bearing loans, and prostitution. He expanded the scope of the Inquisition, and ordered the burning of Talmuds and other Jewish books. All of this raises two interesting (and inter-related) philosophical and sociological issues: * At what point does a person's positive qualities outweigh their negative ones? * How much time must pass before glossing over a person's atrocities? For example, in Seat Pleasant, MD, there used to be a Roger B. Taney Middle School - this is all documented right here. People had the common sense to rename Roger B. Taney Middle School as Thurgood G. Marshall Middle School in 1993; yet, one of the most important cities in the United States remains named St. Louis, MO. The conflict is obvious, but where does it begin, and where does it end?